Binge Eating Disorder
Binge-eating disorder involves repeated episodes of uncontrolled eating.
It is a different illness from bulimia since people with binge-eating
disorder do not purge after a binge.
Binge eaters will eat very rapidly, often obsessively until they are
uncomfortably full. They will eat big portions of food even if they
are not actually hungry. Because of this, many binge eaters engage in
binges secretively as they are embarrassed by how much they have eaten
and feel guilty and depressed following these episodes.
Binges tend to be triggered by depression or anxiety. During the binge
itself, sufferers often speak of feeling out of control or disconnected
from their actions.
Binge eaters are often obese. Many have been 'yo-yo' dieters, who have
experienced large fluctuations in their weight from a cycle of diet
throughout their lives, however not everyone who is obese suffers from
Binge-eating disorder sufferers eat excessively in order to cope with
stress and then feel very much out of control afterwards. Binge-eating
is a psychological disorder and binges/weight gain are merely symptoms
of underlying issues. Some people with binge-eating disorder do recognise
that there is something wrong.
Approximately one in five young women report that they have had a bingeing
relationship with food.
Diagnostic criteria for binge-eating disorder:
Binge eating accompanied by an awareness that the eating pattern
Fear of not being able to stop eating voluntarily.
Bingeing occurs on average at least twice weekly for three months
Self-deprecating thoughts following eating binges
Symptoms & signs:
Weight gain, often leading to obesity
High blood pressure
Chronic kidney problems or kidney failure
Food disappearing rapidly from the fridge and cupboards
Finding an excessive amount of food wrappers in the bin, or hidden
in the sufferers bedroom.
Some sufferers may plan out their day, allocating time to go food
shopping and binge afterwards. This can become very expensive and,
because of the addictive nature of eating disorders, sufferers may
fall into debt, in order to pay for the large quantities of food.